STROMA, an island, in the parish of Canisbay, county of Caithness; containing 186 inhabitants. This island lies in the Pentland Frith, about three miles from the coast of Caithness, and is about a mile in length and half a mile in breadth. The rocks on the west side are of considerable elevation: the height of the waves that beat against them during storms from the westward, exceeds all ordinary description; and though the soil is fertile, the crops are frequently injured in tempestuous weather by the spray from the sea, which dashes over the rocks with inconceivable fury. In the caverns of this island were formerly to be seen several human bodies in a state of great preservation, though they had lain there between sixty and eighty years. There are ruins of an old castle, and also of an ancient chapel. The property of the isle was once disputed by the Earls of Orkney and Caithness, who, instead of having recourse to the sword or to the laws for the determination of their quarrel, agreed to a simple and curious mode of deciding it. Venomous animals, it appears, do not exist in Orkney, and quickly die when transported to the islands; on this occasion some were brought to Stroma, and as they continued to live, the island was adjudged to belong to Caithness.

A Topographical dictionary of Scotland. . 1856.

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  • stroma — [ strɔma ] n. m. • 1846; gr. strôma « tapis, couverture » 1 ♦ Biol. Trame conjonctive d un tissu. Stroma choroïdien, iridien. Spécialt, Pathol. Tissu conjonctif constituant la charpente d une tumeur cancéreuse. 2 ♦ Bot. Mycélium massif des… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Stroma — may refer to: *Stroma, Scotland, an island off the northern coast of Scotland *Stroma (animal tissue), the connective, functionally supportive framework of a biological cell, tissue, or organ *Stroma, the thick fluid found in between grana, which …   Wikipedia

  • stromă — STRÓMĂ, strome, s.f. (bot.) 1. Grup de lamele între care se găseşte clorofila unor plante. 2. Organ de rezistenţă al unor ciuperci, în care se află elementele de înmulţire. – Din fr. stroma. Trimis de LauraGellner, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98 … …   Dicționar Român

  • stroma — (n.) 1832, in anatomy, plural stromae, Modern Latin, from L. stroma bed covering, from Gk. stroma anything spread out for lying or sitting on (see STRUCTURE (Cf. structure)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Stroma — Stro ma, n.; pl. {Stromata}. [L., a bed covering, Gr. ? a couch or bed.] 1. (Anat.) (a) The connective tissue or supporting framework of an organ; as, the stroma of the kidney. (b) The spongy, colorless framework of a red blood corpuscle or other …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Stroma — ist die plasmatische Grundsubstanz im Innenraum von Chloroplasten und anderen Plastiden. in der Histologie das bindegewebige Stützgerüst eines Organs, siehe Interstitium (Anatomie). das den Fruchtkörper umgebende Hyphengeflecht mancher… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stroma [2] — Stroma, Insel im Pentlandfrith, zu der schottischen Grafschaft Caithneß gehörig; hat einige Einw., an der Nordküste den Strudel Swalchie of Stroma …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • stroma — strȍma ž DEFINICIJA anat. osnovno potporno tkivo parenhimnih organa kroz koje ob. prolaze živci, krvne i limfne žile, usp. parenhim ETIMOLOGIJA grč. strȏma: madrac …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Stroma — statusas T sritis embriologija atitikmenys: lot. Stroma ryšiai: platesnis terminas – sėklidė siauresnis terminas – sėklidės pertvarėlės siauresnis terminas – sėklidės tarpusienis siauresnis terminas – tarpaudininiai endokrinocitai …   Medicininės histologijos ir embriologijos vardynas

  • Stroma — statusas T sritis histologija atitikmenys: lot. Stroma ryšiai: platesnis terminas – ašarų liauka …   Medicininės histologijos ir embriologijos vardynas

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